.Africa is the proposed Internet generic Top-Level Domain (gTLD) for the African and Pan African communities and users wherever they may reside. The .africa gTLD serves as a regional domain for individuals and entities based in and out of Africa.
The .Africa gTLD has not yet been delegated to any organization as registry operator. The .Africa application that was submitted by DotConnectAfrica Trust is now the subject of an unresolved disagreement with ICANN (DCA Trust vs ICANN) following an Independent Review Panel (IRP) Process that was invoked by DCA Trust under ICANN’s accountability mechanism in October 2013. The IRP was administrated by the International Center for Dispute Resolution (ICDR) of the American Arbitration Association (AAA) New York, US.
DCA Trust had passed all the new gTLD applicant evaluation criteria, but before the Initial Evaluation (IE) result was issued, a Governmental Advisory Committee GAC Objection Advice that had been issued in Beijing in April 2013 was later accepted by the ICANN Board in early June 2013 which caused the ICANN Board to instruct ICANN staff that DCA Trust’s .Africa new gTLD application will not be approved. This had caused the non-completion of the evaluation of DCA Trust’s application; which then led DCA Trust to challenge the ICANN Board decision through a series of accountability mechanism.
Africa and De viris illustribus were partially inspired by Petrarch's visit to Rome in 1337. According to Bergin and Wilson (p. ix). It seems very likely that the inspirational vision of the Eternal City must have been the immediate spur to the design of the Africa and probably De viris illustribus as well. After returning from his grand tour, the first sections of Africa were written in the valley of Vaucluse. Petrarch recalls
The fact that he abandoned it early on is not entirely correct since it was far along when he received two invitations (from Rome and from Paris) in September 1340 each asking him to accept the crown as poet laureate. A preliminary form of the poem was completed in time for the laurel coronation April 8, 1341 (Easter Sunday).
Africa is 2009 Perpetuum Jazzile album. By large most successful song from the album is a capella version of Toto's "Africa", the performance video of which has received more than 15 million YouTube views since its publishing in May 2009 until September 2013.
A renewable resource is an organic natural resource which can replenish to overcome usage and consumption, either through biological reproduction or other naturally reoccurring processes. Renewable resources are a part of Earth's natural environment and the largest components of its ecosphere. A positive life cycle assessment is a key indicator of a resource's sustainability.
Definitions of renewable resources may also include agricultural production, as in sustainable agriculture and to an extent water resources. In 1962 Paul Alfred Weiss defined Renewable Resources as: "The total range of living organisms providing man with food, fibres, drugs, etc...". Another type of renewable resources is renewable energy resources. Common sources of renewable energy include solar, geothermal and wind power, which are all categorised as renewable resources.
Food and water
Water can be considered a renewablematerial when carefully controlled usage, treatment, and release are followed. If not, it would become a non-renewable resource at that location. For example, groundwater is usually removed from an aquifer at a rate much greater than its very slow natural recharge, and so groundwater is considered non-renewable. Removal of water from the pore spaces may cause permanent compaction (subsidence) that cannot be renewed. 97.5% of the water on the Earth is salt water, and 3% is fresh water; slightly over two thirds of this is frozen in glaciers and polarice caps. The remaining unfrozen freshwater is found mainly as groundwater, with only a small fraction (0.008%) present above ground or in the air.
At the side event, Mandy Rambharos, vice president of global climate cooperation at the U.S.-based Environmental Defense Fund, said that "about 60 percent of the world's renewable energy resources reside in Africa" but remain untapped ... in Africa has come from China.
... including SouthAfrica ... This allows us to leverage South Africa’s abundant renewable energy ands outhern Africa’s critical minerals to foster international competitiveness of industry, in the same way that energy from cheap coal drove the country’s initial industrialisation phase.
Akinwumi Adesina said that Africa should be able to benefit from its natural resources. “African economies should not be measured by GDP; we should assess Africa’s wealth on the basis of its natural capital”, he said ... “Its immense mineral, forestry and renewable energy resources should all be taken into account,” he noted.
... a trend that will now impact negatively on its ability to export competitively into Europe,” Adesina said as he called for what he termed the Just Trade-for-Energy Transition policies, which would enable Africa’s renewable ambitions without restricting its trade prospects.
Citing data from the InternationalRenewableEnergyAgency, Adesina said that Africa is already being overlooked in the global energy transition and that the ... He believes such setups would help facilitate Africa’s renewable ambitions without restricting its trade prospects.
He maintained that Africa cannot leave the certainty of fossil fuel and begin to pursue an uncertain future with renewables, advising African people not to allow the continent to be emasculated by the world into their own agenda ... “Because number one, renewable don’t come cheap ... “Where do you get them from? In Africa.
At the side event, Mandy Rambharos, vice president of global climate cooperation at the U.S.-based Environmental Defense Fund, said that "about 60 percent of the world's renewable energy resources reside in Africa" but remain untapped ... (COP28) China, Africa eye more cooperation in small-scale clean energy projects.
Masdar unveiled a 10 GW AfricaGrowthPlan for renewable investments in six Sub-Saharan Nations at COP28 in Dubai this week, in addition to signing four additional hydrogen deals ... large-scale electrolysis plant, which will be powered by renewable energy,” said Masdar.
Judges were also impressed by her leadership in developing Africa's first-of-its-kind large-scale hybrid renewable energy power plant.Among the first-time winners of a Platts GlobalEnergyAward, were Sacramento-California-based Infinium, a producer of electrofuels –synthetic ...
The future trajectory of CSI and ESG practices in SouthAfrica will likely see an increased focus on climate change mitigation, social equality and ethical governance ... In Africa, climate ... However, transitioning to renewable energy alone will not ensure a just transition in Africa.
As the largest pure-play renewable energy company on the continent, we are proud of our long-term partnerships, and we look forward to developing an important pipeline of clean energy projects, working for Africa, with Africa.”.
Even as global warming destroys ecosystems, undermines food security, and worsens water scarcity, Africa still relies heavily on fossil fuels; renewables account for only about 21 percent of electricity generation ...Amos Wemanya is a senior adviser on renewable energy and just transitions at Power Shift Africa.